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Gifting

This category contains 28 posts

Having the last word

Family financial arrangements are commonly not recorded in writing. For this reason questions as to whether a prior advance was a loan or a gift are not uncommon. Comins v Public Trust represents an unsuccessful application for a declaration that a sum of $50,000 was a gift, in circumstances where the deceased’s will provided that … Continue reading

Mother and son

Hey v Hey relates to a mother and son in dispute regarding the mother removing her son as a trustee of the trust that the mother settled with her now deceased husband. The trust in question (the BMA & DCL Hey Family Trust (the Trust)) was settled by Brian and Dorothy Hey. The trustees were … Continue reading

To gift or not – what did I intend?

The decisions in Reid v Castleton-Reid and Tian v Zhang highlight the importance of recording not only transactions, but also the parties’ expectations.  Reid v Castleton-Reid relates to the correct characterisation of a $1.7m trading account.  Tian v Zhang relates to whether sums advanced represented a dowry or were held on resulting trust.  In both cases the judgment … Continue reading

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Ink vs litigation

On first glance Almond v Read, appears to have it all.  Arguments were made relating to the parties common intention, a constructive trust and breaches of fiduciary duty in the context of family owned land that was acquired with best of intentions.  However, over time, different parties adopted different views of the basis upon which a … Continue reading

To gift or not to gift – that is the question

The case of The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints Trust Board v CIR considers whether donations made in connection with a missionary application are charitable gifts for the purposes of s LD1 of the Income Tax Act 2007. The crux of the matter for consideration is whether gifts made by church members … Continue reading

Is debt forgiveness on account of a loan to a charity a gift that allows a tax credit?

In Roberts v CIR the question for the court is whether the forgiveness of debt a monetary gift for the purposes of s LD 3(1)(a) of the Income Tax Act 2007? Background The Oasis Charitable Trust (the Trust), a registered charitable trust, was settled by Mrs Roberts and her late husband on 14 October 2007 to facilitate the growth of … Continue reading

My house? Your house?

Much is said of late about the “bank of Mum and Dad” in the context of parents helping children into their first home.  However, with the passage of time positions can change as to whether sums advanced were loans or gifts and how much has been re-paid.  When Mum or Dad is elderly questions can … Continue reading

Resulting trust arises in contractual vacuum

The bare facts of Chang v Lee can be summarised as follows: Ms Lee purchases a property in Sunnynook Mr Chang (Ms Lee’s uncle) advances Ms Lee $275,000 of the $566,000 purchase price The advance was not a gift The terms of the loan advance were incomplete Mr Chang made the advance to Ms Lee on the … Continue reading

One swallow does not a summer make

The expression “One swallow does not a summer make, nor one fine day; similarly one day or brief time of happiness does not make a person entirely happy” is attributed to Aristotle (384 – 322 BC). This proverb is perhaps apposite in the case of D v T. D (age 72) and T (age 59) … Continue reading

Undocumented loans 

The informality associated with loans between family members can lead to later disputes when different interpretations of the transaction emerge. Warin v Warin is a case in point. In that case $367,903.90 was advanced to the Warins’ daughter. The loan comprised: $100,000 that was initially secured by mortgage in 1997 $141,749.70 that was loaned to … Continue reading

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